Create a Animated Rotating Circle Menu Using Basic CSS

Create a Animated Rotating Circle Menu Using Basic CSS. 

In this article I 'll be talking about how we can arrange items around an item and creating a simple animation. At last we will get a similar design as above. You can check an live implementation here. I have implemented this on that website.

Real life Demo: Here

Download Source code: Here

Related: How to setup a local custom webserver with Apache, MySql and PHP for development.

Firstly, you need to be familar with basic HTML, CSS, JavaScript and jQuery.

As we know that, CSS have not any features or any function that automatically places divisions or any elements in a circle or around a circle so we are using a simple technique of series of transformation. By rotation and translation and again rolling back the rotation we can get as our wish.

Here in the above images, diameters of outer and inner images  are 250px and 40px resp. Now, we have placed the inner image to the center of the outer image. Now, Moving the centered image to the desired loctation of the circle, here at the edge 45 deg clockwise. And by repeating this we can place as many images as we want (just changing the rotating angle).

Steps Performed:
  1. rotate the image @ 45 deg clock-wise i.e. rotate(45deg)
  2. translate (single axis) 125px i.e. translate(125px)
  3. rotate the image @ 45 deg anti-clock-wise i.e. rotate(-45deg)
    transform : rotate(45deg) ;
    transform : rotate(45deg) translate(125px);
    transform : rotate(45deg) translate(125px) rotate(-45deg);

Now, as we know how to place the images in a circular form, we are going to arrange a certain number of images in that form.

Let us take a circle of size 26em (diameter).
CSS code for the circle: 
   width: 26em;
   height: 26em;
   margin: 13em auto;

We have here created a division of size 26em by 26em and made the div center horizontally. This division is just an imaginary area (not visible) to place our images.

Let us take the size of image to be 10em.
CSS code to position the image at the center:
.circle-item {
   list-style: none;

.circle-item > li > img {
   display: block;
   position: absolute;
   top: 50%;
   left: 50%;
   width: 10em;
   height: 10em;
   border-radius: 50%;
   box-shadow: 0 4px 8px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
   border: solid 0px tomato;
   -webkit-transition: .15s;
   transition: .15s;

.circle-item img:hover {
   box-shadow: 0 4px 8px 0 tomato;

Above code positions all of the images at the center of the imaginary division created above using the absolute position property.
Now, positioning all of the images at the correct places.

In this case we are arranging 7 items. Now, determine the difference between each items in angle so we can place at an equal distance. To do so,

Required difference = 360/7 = 51.54 deg ~ 51 deg (approx)
Translation size = 26em / 2 = 13em

Code to place all 7 images at correct places:
.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(1) {
   transform: rotate(0deg) translate(13em) rotate(0deg);
.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(2) {
   transform: rotate(51deg) translate(13em) rotate(-51deg);
.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(3) {
   transform: rotate(102deg) translate(13em) rotate(-102deg);
.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(4) {
   transform: rotate(153deg) translate(13em) rotate(-153deg);
.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(5) {
   transform: rotate(204deg) translate(13em) rotate(-204deg);
.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(6) {
   transform: rotate(255deg) translate(13em) rotate(-255deg);
.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(7) {
   transform: rotate(306deg) translate(13em) rotate(-306deg);

We need 7 images so 7 individual placing is needed. Each code places the images at correct positions. It first rotates, then translates and again roll back the rotation. The process is explained above.The difference between the angle is approximately 51 deg.

HTML Code:   
<div class = "circle-container">
     <ul class="circle-item">
      <li><img src="1.png"</li>
      <li><img src="2.png"</li>
      <li><img src="3.png"</li>
      <li><img src="4.png"</li>
      <li><img src="5.png"</li>
      <li><img src="6.png"</li>
      <li><img src="7.png"</li>

In the above example, first an division is created of required size and then using absolute positioning property we position images at the center. Calculating the required value we transform those image to their expected position.

Now, There is space in between the images, we can place a big image over there by placing the following CSS code and another List element. I've placed at the last position in the sample file given at the end of the post..

CSS Code for the center image:

.circle-item > li:last-child > img{ // Increase the size of last element.

.circle-item > *:nth-of-type(8) { // Position it using 'Hit and Trial Method'
   transform: rotate(228deg) translate(3.6em) rotate(-228deg);

This is the final product. CSS transform is not supported in old browsers and IE8. Also you can use
-webkit-transform: rotate(90deg) translate(13em) rotate(+90deg);  /* Chrome, Opera 15+, Safari 3.1+ 
      -ms-transform: rotate(90deg) translate(13em) rotate(+90deg);  /* IE 9 
          transform: rotate(90deg) translate(13em) rotate(+90deg);  /* Firefox 16+, IE 10+, Opera 

You can also make this responsive by decereasing/increasing size on media queries. Now, Animating the circle by rotating. Inorder to rotate the circle we just need to update the rotating angle (adding 1 at an regular interval of time). 
Code To rotate the Circle just created:
$(function() {

    var deg = 0;
    var rotate = 1;
    var club_rotate = setInterval(club_rotate, 25);
    $('.circle-item > li').not(".circle-item > *:nth-of-type(8)").mouseenter(function() {
        rotate = 0
    $('.circle-item > li').not(".circle-item > *:nth-of-type(8)").mouseleave(function() {
        rotate = 1
    function club_rotate() {
        if (rotate == 0) {
        deg = get_deg(deg + 1);
        var deg0 = deg;
        var $data = $('.circle-item').children().not(".circle-item > *:nth-of-type(8)");
        var length = 13;
        if ($(window).width() <= 540) { // inorder to make it responsive, decreases size to 7em if window size is less than 570
            length = 7
        $data.each(function() {
            $(this).css("-webkit-transform", "rotate(" + deg0 + "deg) translate(" + length + "em) rotate(-" + deg0 + "deg)").css("transform", "rotate(" + deg0 + "deg) translate(" + length + "em) rotate(-" + deg0 + "deg)");
            deg0 = get_deg(deg0 + 51)

    function get_deg(deg0) {
        if (deg0 > 360)
            return (deg0 - 360);
        else return deg0

In the above code we call a function, in an regular interval, that autoupdate the rotating angle.
var club_rotate = setInterval(club_rotate, 25);
It calls the function club_rotate() at an interval of 25ms (every 25 milliseconds). 

  • club_rotate() - This function auto increase current angle by 1 and update in HTML. 
  • get_deg(deg0) - returns the corrected degree.

$('.circle-item > li').not(".circle-item > *:nth-of-type(8)").mouseenter(function() {
        rotate = 0
    $('.circle-item > li').not(".circle-item > *:nth-of-type(8)").mouseleave(function() {
        rotate = 1

These codes resumes and pause the rotation on mouse leave and enter on the images except the center one
The JavaScript codes used here is just an ideal demonstration. Just to provide a concept.


  1. How do I link those 7 images to another source with messing the animation up?

  2. I like this web site very much, Its a really nice post to read and get info . website designers nyc

  3. I’m glad to become a visitor in this pure site, regards for this rare info! website design company nyc

  4. Some truly quality blog posts on this web site , saved to my bookmarks . web design agency new york

  5. The application is available free and there is a paid version as well. Twitter Training – Getting started with Twitter Twitter is just another example of the light speed at which communications are catapulting forward, and corporate America (as well as home business online marketers) should do our best to keep up. nyc web designer

  6. This comment has been removed by the author.

  7. This comment has been removed by the author.

  8. There is noticeably a lot of money to comprehend this. I suppose you made particular nice points in functions also. san francisco design agency

  9. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new surveys are added- checkbox and from now on if a comment is added I receive four emails with similar comment. Possibly there is that is you are able to get rid of me from that service? Thanks! best branding agencies san francisco

  10. But yet, regardless how good you will be accompanied by treating a huge rig, sometime currently, there are a situation in places ought to do selected information treating; and furthermore primarily based on your real age yet fitness level, free weight in your caravan it is a fantastically excessive do exercises. pre owned awnings design agency san francisco

  11. Previously you must have highly effective web business strategies get you started of getting into topics suitable for their web-based organization. educational ux san francisco

  12. Thanks for the excellent article. this Is Excellent information for the experience in CSS.
    Cloudi5 is the web design company in Coimbatore. Cloudi5 Technologies has built many responsive websites. Many websites are successfully launched on the web without any issues. Cloudi5 is the best in the industry for creating professional websites.
    Web Design Company in Coimbatore

  13. Black Ops Zombies is now available… [...]Take a look here[...]… car key replacement london

  14. This comment has been removed by the author.

  15. I have been trying for 4 days now and still scratching my head on this.
    How do I add text below the images?

  16. This is one of the best and most wanted field that is also recommended by the writers of Buy Dissertation Online because through this, any person can earn a lot of money. Many professionals have joined it and they are satisfied because they have secured their future. Do you like this skill and have you any idea about its scope in future?

  17. This is very nice and amazing tips for basic CSS and I was searching for this to learn basic CSS Script to Write My Dissertation on it. Nowadays I am concerned with help with dissertation, They teach me about the basic CSS but for learn furthur I will follow up your blogs too. Thanks for giving me this information.

  18. If you are a legitimate small business owner and would like to take your business to deliver your goods or services to the online world, one of the many questions that you may not know the answer to is which web hosting to choose for your website. There are literally thousands of web hosting services that you will probably run into during a search for the right one. It is important to know some characteristics of ssl a good web host as well as a few questions to keep in mind while searching for one.

  19. Do people still use these? Personally I love gadgets but I do prefer something a bit more up to date. Still, nicely written piece thanks. power off button


    Wow! I just visited, and I must say, I'm impressed with the range of SEO services and development solutions they offer. It's evident that they understand the importance of a strong online presence in today's digital landscape.

  21. "Creating an Animated Rotating Circle Menu Using Basic CSS is a fun way to add interactivity to your website. By utilizing simple CSS techniques, you can design a circular menu that rotates smoothly, enhancing user experience. For online cricket enthusiasts in Bangladesh, implementing this feature on their website could make navigating different sections, like player profiles or match schedules, more engaging. It's a creative way to elevate the design of your Online Cricket ID bangladesh and keep visitors intrigued.

  22. Animated rotating circles can mesmerize and captivate, much like the grip of a well-written horror tale. horror writing services craft narratives that twist and turn, keeping readers engaged and on the edge of their seats, just like the hypnotic motion of an animated circle. As the circle spins, so too do the chilling plots and characters created by these skilled writers, drawing readers into a world of suspense and fear. Much like the circle's movement, horror stories created by these services keep us entranced, eager to discover what lies beyond each eerie turn of phrase.

Previous Post Next Post